A pretty smile…….it’s very attractive!
You can recognize a healthy mouth by pink gums, without swelling, and which don’t bleed at the brushing. However, hormonal modifications can involve a reaction at the level of the gums, and the presence of biofilm (dental plaque) can worsen this situation. Swelling, red blotches, sensitivity and spontaneous bleeding are then possible. This state of the gums is abnormal, but it can improve quickly thanks to good care, and by keeping a good daily oral hygiene by the brushing, using a toothbrush with supple bristles, and fluoride toothpaste. As no toothbrush can reach inside the contact between two teeth, or the space between the gum and the tooth, decay and gum diseases can develop at these places. Only the dental floss will be able to complete the cleaning of these surfaces.
The cracks of the tongue contain dead cells, biofilm (dental plaque), and food remains which can only be eliminated by using a toothbrush or a tongue scraper.
During adolescence, like at any age, it is recommended to eat enough dairy products, and those from each other group of food.
Fresh fruit and vegetables, as well as some cheeses make up very good snacks. The teenager must restrain himself with energising sweetened drinks, as well as sticky and sweetened food. It’s wiser to carefully look at the labels, and if such food is eaten, an immediate brushing is recommended. Sugars and lack of brushing involve the production of acid which is conducive to the first step of dental caries. The more frequent is sugar eating, the more the attack of enamel will progress towards inside the tooth (dentine and pulps), and the more the decay will spread.
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Visit to the dental hygienist
Visits every six or twelve months to the dental hygienist enable her to detect the beginning of decay, the gum diseases, and other affections (oral lesions, wisdom teeth, etc.). The advices, the preventive methods, the suggested treatments and the frequency are customized according to the oral condition of each one.
The friction of a jewel in the cheek, the tongue, or the lip can wear out or fracture the tooth enamel, and cause the loss of a tooth, the irritation, the bleeding, and the gums receding. Moreover, the oral piercing is an open door for bacteria and the many risks of infections (pus, poisoning, allergic reaction, herpes, hepatitis, HIV, etc.) which can be harmful for general health, and leave after-effects during several years.
Perhaps you belong to the 75% of the smokers who wish to stop this habit, but who need assistance. Like all the other health professionals, the dental hygienist has information on this subject (documentation, centres of assistance, etc.). And as the very first signs of the harmful effects of the tobacco appear at the level of the mouth, the smoker is informed about the state of his mouth at each visit.
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Halitosis (bad breath)
The halitosis can be occasional or chronic, i.e. it persists in spite of a good oral hygiene. The hormonal changes, medical problems or drugs can modify the breath. However, the most frequent causes come from the oral cavity: bad hygiene, dental problems (e.g.: tooth decay, abscess, gum diseases, etc.), oral breathing, tobacco, some types of food, etc.
A good daily oral hygiene, healthy customs of life, professional cleanings and care in dental surgery, on a regular basis, can eliminate most of the origins of halitosis.
The surface stains caused by tobacco or sodas, for example, can usually be removed during a professional cleaning. For a person in good health, whose teeth are mature and healthy, the colour can be modified thanks to whitening. The result varies according to the colouring of the tooth, and its response to the whitening product. First, the dental hygienist must give to the patient all the required information: benefits, risks, side-effects, suitable advices of hygiene, etc.
During the orthodontics treatments, the oral hygiene is more important. In order to make the control of biofilm (dental plaque) easier, toothbrushes especially designed are available (orthodontic toothbrushes) ; an electric toothbrush may be recommended, and the use of a thread device enable to complete the cleaning by the dental floss. You have the right to receive the best advices: the dental hygienist is your partner!
The cutting of the wisdom teeth (third molars), when they are present, take place usually between 17 and 22 years of age. At your request, a panoramic radiography makes it possible to detect their presence and their position, and to anticipate the moment of their cutting, and the space available. Sometimes, the third molars must be extracted (e.g.: bad position, lack of space, etc.).
The hollows and furrows of the masticatory surface of the permanent teeth, easily retain the food remains and the bacteria of the biofilm (dental plaque), which is conducive to development of decay. When the premolars and the second permanent molars have finished their cutting (usually between 11 and 15 years of age), and when the furrows are deep, a sealing may be advised. Combined with a good hygiene, this treatment carried out by the dental hygienist, helps to prevent decay of the masticatory surfaces.
They are very sweetened drinks, responsible for decays and dental erosion.