You recognize a healthy mouth, among other things, by pink gums, without swelling, and which don’t bleed at the tooth brushing. Oral health and general health being closely dependant, it is important to maintain a daily oral good hygiene by brushing one’s teeth, using a toothbrush with supple bristles and fluoride toothpaste.
No toothbrush can reach the contacts between the teeth, or the space between the gum and the tooth. Decays and gums diseases being able to develop in these parts, only the dental floss can complete the cleaning of these surfaces. The cracks of the tongue contain dead cells, biofilm (dental plaque), and food remains which cannot be eliminated only by using a toothbrush or a tongue scraper.
At adulthood, like at any age, it is appropriate to eat enough dairy products, and products from each other group of food.
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Visit to the dental hygienist
The visits every six or twelve months, to the dental hygienist, enable her to detect decays, gums diseases, and other oral affections (defective fillings, oral lesions, bruxism, etc.). Above all, it is important to mention all the health problems, the medicines taken, the allergies, the symptoms, etc. The advices, the preventive methods, the suggested treatments and their frequency will be thus customized for each one.
Periodontal diseases (gums and supporting bone of the tooth)
At first stage, the gums diseases are often painless and not very detectable by you. Early detection and treatment make it possible to avoid the spread of the gums inflammation (gum disease) towards the support of the tooth (periodontal disease). The untreated periodontal disease involves the osseous resorption, and can worsen until the loss of the teeth. Control of gums diseases protect the teeth, and also contribute to prevent the progression or the complications of other diseases (e.g.: diabetes).
According to many studies, the micro-organisms present during a periodontal disease, can migrate in blood circulation and be implied in cardiac diseases, cerebrovascular accidents, and pulmonary diseases.
The receding gums and the wear of teeth (by attrition, abrasion, and erosion) cause the exposure of the tooth surfaces the nervous terminations of which are less isolated (cement and dentine). This often involves the hypersensitivity of the teeth to the heat, the cold, the sweet, the acidity of citrus fruit, the tooth brushing, the pressure and the touch. The dental hygienist can help you to determine the cause and give you good solutions.
Removable dental prosthesis
The removable dental prosthesis (bridge or set of false teeth) must be brushed after each meal, using a soft brush. It is advised to remove them at least four hours per day, to massage the gums with a soft toothbrush, and to clean the tongue.
The surface stains caused by coffee, tea, red wine, and tobacco, for example, can usually be removed during a professional cleaning. For a person in good health whose teeth are mature and healthy, the colour can be changed thanks to whitening. The result varies according to the colouring of the tooth and its response to the whitening product. First, the dental hygienist must give to the patient all the needed information: benefits, risks, side-effects, suitable advices of hygiene, etc.
Halitosis (bad breath)
The halitosis can be occasional or chronic, i.e. it persists in spite of a good oral hygiene. Hormonal changes, medical problems, or the drugs can modify the breath. However, the most frequent causes come from the oral cavity: bad hygiene, dental problems (e.g.: dental caries, abscess, gums diseases, etc.), alcohol, tobacco, some types of food, etc. A good daily oral hygiene, healthy customs of life, professional cleanings and care can eliminate most of the causes of the halitosis.
Perhaps you belong to the 75% of the smokers who wish to stop this habit, but who need assistance. Like all the other health professionals, the dental hygienist has information on this subject (documentation, centres of assistance, etc.). And, as the very first signs of the harmful effects of the tobacco appear at the level of the mouth, the smoker is informed about the state of his mouth at each visit.
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The predisposition to oral cancer is more noticeable from the age of 45 years, and the main factors of risks are the tobacco addiction, the alcohol, the sun, bad food, the heredity, etc. The mouth and throat cancers have the characteristic to develop rapidly, and to be fatal if they are not detected early enough. Check regularly inside your mouth, and consult your dental professionals each year.